The 9th Legion under Q. Petillius Cerialis, coming south from the Fosse Way, was ambushed and annihilated. The summers are usually warm to hot and humid, with a July average of 20.8 °C (69.4 °F), and temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) occur on average 10 days per year. [99] Medieval accounts state that the invasions that established Anglo-Saxon England (the Adventus Saxonum) did not begin in earnest until some time in the 440s and 450s. [75] There are 2,400 workers at GDLS Canada.[75]. The main streets were 9–10 m (30–33 ft) wide, while side streets were usually about 5 m (16 ft) wide.[46]. Having battered the town's walls with siegeworks constructed by allied Britons, Asclepiodotus accepted the commander's surrender only to have the Venedotians rush upon them, ritually decapitating them and throwing the heads into the river "Gallemborne". The Regimental Headquarters of The Royal Canadian Regiment remains in London at Wolseley Barracks on Oxford Street. [58] Boudica then led a failed revolt against Roman rule. At the time, London's population was relatively low; therefore it was hard to find a person in the city who did not have a family member affected by the tragedy. [10] One of the first casualties was the town's only fire engine. From 5 December 2010, to 9 December 2010, London experienced record snowfall when up to 2 m (79 in) of snow fell in parts of the city. This private career college was founded in 1885 and offers several diploma programs.[155]. [44], The highest temperature ever recorded in London was 41.1 °C (106 °F) on 6 August 1918. The Crystal Palace Barracks, built in 1861, an octagonal brick building with eight doors and forty-eight windows, was used for events such the Provincial Agricultural Fair of Canada West held in London that year. For example, Info-Tech Research Group's London office is in a hosiery factory, and Arcane Digital moved into a 1930s industrial building in 2015. The governor's palace[67] and old large forum seem to have fallen out of use around 300,[77] but in general the first half of the 4th century appears to have been a prosperous time for Britain, for the villa estates surrounding London appear to have flourished during this period. Major finds from Roman London, including mosaics, wall fragments, and old buildings were formerly housed in the London and Guildhall Museums. [80] Londinium's amphitheatre, constructed in AD 70, is situated at Guildhall.[81]. The Thames River dominates London's geography. [106], London was the first city in Canada (in May 2017) to decide to move a ranked choice ballot for municipal elections starting in 2018. Construction was carried out using the cantilever method, with segments being built outward from two piers, each segment tied to the previous one by high-strength steel tendons. By the turn of the century, Londinium was perhaps as large as 60,000 people,[65][66] and had replaced Camulodunum (Colchester) as the provincial capital. The city had a population of 383,822 according to the 2016 Canadian census. [135][137], London is on the Canadian National Railway main line between Toronto and Chicago (with a secondary main line to Windsor) and the Canadian Pacific Railway main line between Toronto and Detroit. Placenames in brackets are either present-day names or counties where the towns formerly existed. [93] The squad plays at Cove Road Stadium at the German Canadian Club. Eventually, his numerical inferiority—and the price only too clearly paid by the divisional commander's rashness—decided him to sacrifice the single city of Londinium to save the province as a whole. [20], Londinium grew up as a vicus and soon became an important port for trade between Britain and the Roman provinces on the continent. The city hosts a number of musical and artistic exhibits and festivals, which contribute to its tourism industry, but its economic activity is centred on education, medical research, insurance, and information technology. [citation needed] A fortified enclosure was erected at Plantation Place on Cornhill. When you purchase a new Ironstone home in London Ontario, you can rest assured knowing your most important investment is protected by a seven-year government regulated warranty. The Roman city ultimately covered at least the area of the City of London, whose boundaries are largely defined by its former wall. [79], The city is home to many festivals including SunFest, the London Fringe Theatre Festival, the London Ontario Live Arts Festival (LOLA), the Home County Folk Festival, Rock the Park London, Western Fair, Pride London,[80] and others. It was centred on Cornhill and the River Walbrook, but extended west to Ludgate Hill and east to Tower Hill. From 340 onwards, northern Britain was repeatedly attacked by Picts and Gaels. [38], The area was formed during the retreat of the glaciers during the last ice age, which produced areas of marshland, notably the Sifton Bog, as well as some of the most agriculturally productive areas of farmland in Ontario. Rembrandt Homes has become the staple for quality living in London, Ontario. Expansion of the flourishing port continued into the 3rd century. Stane Street to Noviomagus (Chichester) did not reach Londinium proper but ran from the bridgehead in the southern suburb at Southwark. [42] In 2016, however, temperatures at or above 30 °C (86 °F) occurred more than 35 times, and in 2018, four heatwave incidents led to humidex temperatures topping out at 46 °C (115 °F) . London is home to the Grand Theatre, a professional proscenium arch theatre in Central London. Although the term is colloquially used to refer to the area housing both the Houses of Parliament and the Elizabeth Tower, the name \"Big Ben\" only refers to the bell within the clock tower, and not the clock tower itself. [31] The location of Londinium's original cathedral is uncertain. This etymology was first suggested in 1899 by, "Nomina Episcoporum, cum Clericis Suis, Quinam, et ex Quibus Provinciis, ad Arelatensem Synodum Convenerint" ["The Names of the Bishops with Their Clerics who Came Together at the Synod of Arles and from which Province They Came"] from the. [85] Aldersgate was eventually added, perhaps to replace the west gate of the fort. Count Theodosius dealt with the problem over the next few years, using Londinium—then known as "Augusta"—as his base. The London Regional Children's Museum in South London provides hands-on learning experiences for children and was one of the first children's museums established in Canada. 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